Guidelines on Developmental Disabilities on Children
Developmental disability is defined as a group of chronic conditions that are brought about by physical and mental impairments which often arise before the person reaches adulthood. These disabilities can be spotted early, and they may persist all throughout a person’s life.
Some of the most common developmental disabilities include intellectual disabilities, Tourette syndrome, spina bifida, fetal alcohol and drug-related syndromes, down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, and fragile X syndrome.
The following are some facts that are related to specific developmental disabilities:
About 25 percent of hearing loss experienced by babies is brought about by maternal infections incurred during pregnancy like head trauma, cytomegalovirus or CMV infection, and complications after birth.
Children who have siblings that suffer from autism are likely to have autism spectrum disorder.
Some of the known causes of intellectual disabilities are genetic and chromosomal conditions, e.g., fragile X syndrome and down syndrome; particular infections incurred while pregnant; and fetal alcohol syndrome.
Cases of premature birth, infections, multiple birth, and low birthweight during pregnancy period are often linked to increased risk for a number of developmental disabilities.
Newborn jaundice when left untreated may lead to a kind of brain damage known as kernicterus. Being jaundice at birth means the infant has high levels of bilirubin in the blood a couple of days after birth. Children who suffer from kernicterus are more inclined to suffer from cerebral palsy, teeth problems, and vision and hearing problems. This condition can be avoided by early detection and treatment.
Developmental disabilities have common symptoms. Some of them are as follows: Difficulty to express one’s feelings or to soothe one’s self; problems with coordination, body posture, and balance; lagging in school performance; issues in sleep, aggression, and attention; continuous infant-like behavior problems; difficulty in reading nonverbal cues; difficulties in coordinating and controlling movements; loss of hearing and sensitivity to noises and having vision problems; lack of curiosity; lagging behind other children in terms of language, gross and fine motor skills, and social or thinking skills.
Treatment of developmental disabilities always begins with proper testing and diagnosis. It is crucial for the family to understand the child’s needs. This will enable for recommendations to be set for special education services as well as specialized treatment programs. Taking into account the different challenges faced by the child, these are the possible treatment options: occupational therapy, speech therapy, behavioral therapy, medication, physical therapy, life and social skills training, surgery, special diets, and experiential therapy.
Treatment’s primary goal is to ensure the child’s full potential development. Summer camps for children are a great avenue for them to undergo skills training in a child-friendly summer camp environment. The children need help to develop social skills and to work hand in hand with a number of specialists. It’s a good thing that there are DD services that are available for those who suffer from these conditions.
Remember that when your child is diagnosed with developmental disability, you are eligible for specialized services which may vary according to location and your needs. Check with the local physician, the school district, and the local community for services that are available.